Census: Hawaii Has Highest Rent in the Nation, Most Asian Population, Among Findings

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Hawaii has the Highest Rent in the Nation, the Highest Housing Value, Good Health Coverage, Most Asian Population, Most Multi-Generatuional Households, Highest Mixed Generational Households, and High Number of Elderly in Housholds.
These are among the findings in the U.S. Census Bureau released data from its 1-year American Community Survey (ACS) for 2009 on September 28, 2010.

The ACS survey started in 1996 and Hawaii was included since 2000.


Between 2000 and 2004, Hawaii ACS data were available only for the State of Hawaii and the City and County of Honolulu.

Starting in 2005, Hawaii County and Maui County (excluding Kalawao County) were included.

Census Bureau releases 1-year data for areas with population size of 65,000 and above due to sample size issues.

With an estimated population of 64,529 in 2009, Kauai County is not included in the results of the 1-year ACS survey.

Kauai County information is included in the 5-year and 3-year ACS data which will be released in December 2010 and January 2011, respectively.

Following are the fact found for Hawaii from the 2009 ACS survey:

Hawaii’s ranking in the nation:

Looking at the population characteristics and compared with other states in the nation, Hawaii continues has the following trends:

More Asians: Hawaii ranked #1 in terms of percentage of Asian population.  37.1 percent of Hawaii’s population said that they were Asians only (selected only one racial group) in 2009 versus 4.5 percent for the nation as a whole.  Our state also ranked the highest for percent of people born in Asia.

More Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders: Hawaii also had the largest percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders only in the nation: 8.8 percent for Hawaii versus 0.1 percent for the nation in 2009.

More mixed population: Hawaii ranked #1 also in the percentage of mixed ethnic population at 23.6 percent compared with 2.4 percent for the nation.

Higher household size:  The average household size of 2.82 persons placed Hawaii 6th  highest in the nation.

More households with elderly person:  The percentage of households with one or more people 65 years and over was 28.6 and our state ranked #2 in the nation.  Not surprisingly, we also ranked high in the nation at #4 for percent of households with retirement income. The percentage of our households receiving retirement income was 21.4.

More multigenerational households:  Our state ranked the highest in the U.S. for percent of households that are multigenerational at 7.7%.

Less grandparents responsible for their grandchildren:  Hawaii is ranked the lowest at 51, for percent of grandparents living with grandchildren who are responsible for their grandchildren.  Hawaii had 21.2% of the households in this category.

Higher use of public transportation or car pool: Hawaii ranked #1 in percentage of workers using carpool to go to work with 14.0% of our population in this category.  Hawaii ranked #7 in the nation for proportion of population who travel to work by public transportation with 6.0% of our workers using this type of transportation.

More people work in the service sector:  Hawaii ranked #2 in the nation in percentage of workers working in the service occupations with 23.0% of our workers in this category.

Higher value of real property: Hawaii’s median housing value was $517,600 in 2009, ranking the highest in the nation, with Washington D.C. right below our state at $443,700.  The national median housing value in 2009 was $185,200.

Lower home ownership:  Hawaii’s home ownership of 56.7 percent in 2009 was among the bottom 4 states and district in the nation.  Washington D.C. had the lowest home ownership at 44.8 percent.  New York State was the 2nd lowest at 55.0 percent; California was the 3rd lowest at 56.6 percent.

Higher cost of living: Hawaii’s median rent of $1,293 in 2009 placed Hawaii as the #1 in the nation.  The U.S. median rent was $842 per month.  Hawaii homeowner’s monthly housing cost of $2,282 in 2009 was the 3rd highest in the nation.  Our state also ranked high for proportion of income spent on housing.  The percentage of mortgaged owners spending 30 percent or more of household income on selected monthly owner costs was second highest in the nation.  For percentage of renter-occupied units spending 30 percent or more of household income on rent and utilities, Hawaii was ranked #3 in this category listing.

More people per room: With the U.S. having 3.2% of its occupied housing units with 1.01 or more occupants per room, Hawaii stood out in this category and ranked #1.   The percentage of our state’s housing units with more than one person per room was 8.5%.

Higher health insurance coverage: 7% of Hawaii residents didn’t have health insurance coverage in 2009.  In another word, 93% of Hawaii residents were covered by health insurance, this ranked Hawaii the 2nd place in the nation.  In terms of health insurance coverage for children, 97.5% of Hawaii’s children were covered, ranked the 2nd place in the nation in 2009

Submitted by the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism





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