Luang Prabang … Time in Laos Once-Royal Capital

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Luang Prabang…Time in Laos’ Royal Capital


From atop Mt. Phousi the Mekong makes its way past Luang Prabang, Laos' tropical, once-royal capital.


By Allan Seiden

The Mekong River, stained a muddy brown by runoff from heavy rains the night before, makes its way quickly past the town of Luang Prabang (LP), a United Nations World Heritage site that was once the royal capital of the Kingdom of Laos. The boats and narrow canoes that travel the river must compensate for the powerful downstream flow of the river, which has long served LP’s primary link to the outside world.

Luang Prabang retains much that is authentically Laotian, but there is also evidence of centuries when Thai, Vietnamese and French overlords dominated the country.

While Luang Prabang remains appealingly low-rise and linked to the past, the present has made inroads.  Sisavangvong, LP’s main street (named after a revered king), is a narrow paved thoroughfare lined with casual restaurants, internet cafes, and shops that cater to both locals and foreigners taking in the passing scene and happy to be on the road less traveled. It bustles with a mix of cars, trucks, foot-pedaled taxis, sidecar motorcycles (tuktuk), and bicycles.

A monk looks out from a monastery window.

A mere block away and Luang Prabang presents itself in an entirely different way, with quiet footpaths and one-lane dirt roads fronting country-style homes overhung by towering coconut palms and flowers that scent the tropical air. Women, elegantly draped in sari-like simplicity, walk by, shaded from the sun by colorful, waxed-paper parasols. Quiet prevails, broken by an occasional crowing rooster or barking dog and leaves rustled by a soft breeze.

It was evident that Luang Prabang was someplace special even before our plane, inbound from Phnom Penh, touched down at LP’s Molokai-sized airport. The sense of isolation builds, the densely green, mountainous landscape revealed through breaks in cotton-ball armies of cumulus clouds.

After exchanging $100, instantly becoming a millionaire, with 10,500 yip to the dollar, we headed by shared taxi to our guest house, a lovely mansion in a garden setting on the outskirts of town pre-booked through a guidebook recommend.  It proved a comfortable and convenient base for our five-day stay. Bicycles, provided by the hotel, proved the perfect way to get around, putting most of the city within a 15-minute ride.

Landlocked Laos is the path less traveled for Indo-China and is a perfect tie-in when visiting Thailand, VietNam or Cambodia.

Although isolated Laos remains a communist state, Buddhism thrives in Luang Prabang, where monasteries and temples (called wat) are an integral part of the cultural landscape. So are the red- and orange-robed monks, who, seeking enlightenment and an education, flock to LP.

Despite its royal pedigree and numerous wat, Luang Prabang proves a place without pretense.  Life is still lived simply, largely outside of a money economy. People are genuinely friendly, their sincerity not yet spoiled by the inroads of large-scale tourism. When they pass you in the street in colorful Lao couture, you are invariably greeted with a soft-voiced Sabadee, hello. Even the bustling markets provide a warm welcome, with bargain-priced native crafts (think colorful silks and cotton textiles, embroidered clothing and bags, and silver jewelry (sold by weight) offered by Lao and Hmong women. The Hmong, a mountain people identified by their black dresses and blue sashes, are at the bottom of the Laotian economy.

As dawn breaks Buddhist monks take offerings that will likely be their food. Temples and schools add a spiritual sense of place to Luang Prabang. for the day.

The day starts at dawn in Luang Prabang, with a procession of monks making their way through the city, food bowls in hand. LP’s large community of monks relies on the generosity of those who awaken before dawn, position themselves along of the monks’ processional. Rice, baked yams, nuts, and drinks were part of the ceremonial offerings called tark baat that provide the monks with their one meal of a day spent in prayer, study and service.

Warm days prevail year round, the rising sun brilliantly reflected in the gold leaf and glass mosaic facades of temples and shrines that welcome both visitors and locals. A climb to the top of Mount Phousi, a hill that rises from the heart of the city, reaches a gold-spired wat with a bird’s eye view of LP, with only an occasional temple spire rising above the canopy of trees.

The boats that line the muddy banks of the Mekong include narrow canoes that carry passengers and goods to the quiet villages and somewhat ramshackle wat that line the opposite shore, providing hours of fruitful wandering. Boats can also be rented for the 18-mile day trip upriver to the beautiful Pak Ou Grottoes. Head down river and the river widens, granite mountains rising from the palm-lined lowlands dotted with small riverside villages.

For all its quiet charm, Luang Prabang does have its cosmopolitan outposts-restaurants and guesthouses where the past means a time of French colonial rule, where expats and the newly arrived mingle, yet another part of the mosaic that makes Luang Prabang a place to remember and return to.



When To Go: Tropical temperatures, year-round, with the dry season, and the coolest temperatures from November through March.

Best Guide Book: Moon Handbooks: Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos. Once you’re there, check in with the LP Tourism Office, which provides walking maps and information. Plan to stay at least four days, longer if you want to explore further afield.

How To Get There/Vacation tie-ins: You can fly in from Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Chiang Mai and Bangkok (Thailand), Vientiane (Laos’ far larger modern capital) and several smaller Laotian towns, and Hanoi (Vietnam). The airport is 2 miles from town, with taxis available. Be sure to reconfirm flight reservations. In the rainy season, delays are not uncommon.

Getting Around: Luang Prabang is a place for walking or bicycling, with most key attractions within half a mile of “downtown.” Sidecar motorcycles (called tuktuk) to most places won’t likely cost more than a couple of dollars. They can be inexpensively hired by the hour and will wait while you tour. Bicycles and motorcycles are also available for rental.



Boats at rest as the sun sets over the Mekong in a view from Luang Prabang's riverside promenade.

Sunset on the Mekong:  Memorable sunsets are the rule, most particularly from the promenade overlooking the Mekong, with the sun, setting behind sharp-peaked mountains, reflected in the Mekong’s waters.

The Royal Palace was completed in 1909 by King Sisavangvong in an eclectic blend of Lao ands French Beaux Arts style.

It is now a museum that includes a visit to the royal apartments. It is also a setting for music, traditional dance,  and other cultural events.


A boat trip on the Mekong, either upstream (to the Pak Ou caves) or downstream to visit riverside villages and shrine.

Granite mountains rise from the riverside lowlands. Rent a boat and crew for a day on the Mekong. Visit traditional villages or beautiful caves and waterfalls.

A pre-dawn wake-up to participate in pindipath. Bring food and join those feeding the city’s many monks.


Where To Stay: We stayed at the 20-room Maison Souvannaphoum (Maison_ Souvannaphoum_Hotel-Luang_Prabang.html), one of many smaller hotels in converted mansions. At $100 per night, double (breakfast included) or less, this is the recommended luxury end of accommodations. Other “upscale” options include the Villa Santi (, The Grand Luang Prabang (, and La Residence Phou Vao ( Hotels at under $20/night, double are another option, but I’d go high-end, considering the affordable rates.

Dining Out:  In addition to low-cost restaurants, there are several French restaurants that offer more sophisticated dining, this having once been part of French Indochina.  Duang Champa, housed in a lovely old mansion. Fanciest Laotian restaurant is the Villa Santi, with dinner likely to cost under $12.

Visas & Changing Money:  Visas are issued on arrival at the airport, which is also the easiest place to initially exchange money.  At 9,000 kip to the dollar, $100 goes a long way.






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