US Financial Crisis and Globalization

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Photo: Emily Metcalf

BY PANOS PREVEDOUROS PHD – In the coming years US may suffer greatly by the very pattern that it advocated: Globalization. The US is substantially dependent on outside sources to supply industrial products, consumer products, food and energy. So far this has worked well, but the table is about to be turned around.

First let’s summarize the fiscal crisis in a few bullets:

  • This is the fourth straight year that the US borrowed more than $1 trillion to support its federal government. US budget deficit will top $1.3 trillion, 8.7% of GDP. Only two European countries, Greece and Ireland, have larger budget deficits as a percent of GDP.
  • US national debt now exceeds $15.3 trillion, or 102% of GDP. Only four European countries have larger national debts than US: Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Italy.
  • If one adds the unfunded liabilities of Social Security and Medicare to the US official national debt, the US debt is $72 trillion, by Obama administration projections. This is more than 480% of GDP. France, the second most insolvent nation in Europe, owes 549% of GDP.
  • Under more realistic projections, the US official national debt is $137 trillion or 911% of GDP. Counting both official debt and unfunded pension and health care liabilities, the most indebted nation in Europe is Greece, which owes 875% of GDP.
  • 48 of 50 states have annual deficits and large long term debt. Several states have insolvent employee pension and health care trusts. Of course Hawaii is one of them.
  • Many US cities are in deficit, some are at or near bankruptcy and all face major infrastructure backlogs as well as their own employee retirement shortfalls.
  • Unlike the huge debt of Japan or France that is owed mostly by their own citizens, US is more like Greece. Most of its debt is owned by foreign countries and external lenders.

Why is the US not at the same position as Greece? The reasons are many and they include US’ vastly larger economy, vast ability to innovate, vast natural resources compared to most EU countries, vast dependency of many countries on the US consumer to buy the things they make, vast military capability, and having the US dollar as the world’s main reserve currency.

This reserve currency is also US’ main tool for controlling a quick financial collapse. The devaluation of the dollar would slash the debt owned to foreign interests. At the same time globalization will come back and bite the US consumer since all imports will become 30% more expensive if the greenback is devalued by 30% resulting in internal hyperinflation and market instability. Messy!

At the same time this devaluation will cause substantial losses to US’ global partners. For example, BMWs will be 30% more expensive in the US and Chryslers will be 30% less expensive in Italy, causing compounded losses in the demand of consumer products in the EU. Messy!

What caused all this mess? Policies and actions focused on the negative side of Capitalism and the negative side of Socialism. Capitalism focused on price and profit, not on sustainable production. Socialism focused on ever increasing and unsupportable entitlements instead of basic and sustainable security.

The path to the abyss is clear.

Greece is there but the US is near.

Do politicians hear?





  1. I’m sure Professor Prevedouros is not arguing against globalization, which has been an overwhelmingly positive factor in not only the US, but worldwide economies, despite unavoidable and unpleasant workforce adjustments. As far as devaluation, the Federal Reserve has been engaging for years in “competitive devaluation”, as former President Clinton’s Chair of Economic Advisors Joseph Stiglitz describes it. Since 2008, the Fed and Treasury have increased our money supply threefold, from $4 trillion to $12 trillion. Despite creative reporting of “official” inflation statistics, anyone who purchases food, clothing, fuel, and utilities understands that prices are rapidly escalating. Unfortunately, the worst is yet to come.

  2. Good thoughtful article.

    Palani, good comment as well.

    I only wish that politicians understood the the coming dangers as well. We voters get what we vote for. We vote in too many people who have absolutely no understanding of, and no training or experience in finance and economics.

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